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Maulana Fazlur Rahman Usmani

(d.1883)


Life and Literary Works
Maulana Fazlur Rahman Usmani had also studied under Maulana Mamlook Ali in Delhi College. He was one of the founders of Darul Uloom and remained a member of the Majlis-e-Shura (Administrative Council) whole life. He was a high-ranking poet of Persian and Urdu; many poems, pane­gyrics, elegies etc. reflect his high poetical taste. In 1301/1883, a terrific plague had burst out in Deoband. He has versified the devas­tations of this plague in Persian language. The chronogrammatic name of this descriptive poem is "Qissa-e Gham-e Diban" (A.H.1301), which is a historical document on the conditions of Deoband. Maulana Fazlur Rahman had great expertise in composing chronograms also. Many of his poems and chronogrammatic fragments have been quoted in the reports of Darul Uloom. He held the post of Deputy Inspector of Schools in the Education Department. He was posted as such at Bareilly, Bijnore, Saharanpur and other districts. In 1857 he was deputy inspector of schools at Bareilly. During this tumultuous event when Maulana Muhammad Ahsan Nanautawi was constrained to leave Bareilly, he had entrusted some of his matters to him only.

Distinguished Descendants of Fazlur Rahman Usmani
Maulana Fazalur Rahman passed away in 1325/1907. He left behind amongst his sons such reputed and matchless Ulama like Maulana Mufti Azizur Rahman Usmani, Mufti-e Azam, Darul Uoolm Deoband; Maulana Habibur Rahman Usmani, Rector, Darul Uloom Deoband; and Shaykhul Islam Shabbir Ahmad Usmani, Chan­cellor, Darul Uloom Deoband. The chief administrator of Nadwatul ­Musannafeen Delhi, Mufti Atiqur Rahman Usmani, was his grandson. Maulana Fazlur Rahman's sons and successors have rendered great academic and religious services, which thank Allah, still continue.